Sharks have been around for 450 million years.
Sharks live in all five of the oceans in the world — the Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, and Southern. In some cases, sharks will also live in freshwater such as certain rivers and lakes. Sharks can live in warm or cold water, depending on the type (species) of shark. Sharks are also known to migrate and move around, so they don’t necessarily live in the same body of water for their whole lives.
Sharks are awesome — they play a crucial role in keeping the oceans healthy. Why? Because they are at the top of the food chain and they keep their whole ecosystem in balance. If there weren't any sharks than the fish they feed off would grow to large numbers and the whole food web collapses.
Older than the dinosaurs
Sharks have been around for 450 million years — they've existed 100 million years before there were dinosaurs on land. But there is a real danger that they will go extinct in the next few decades.
Humans catch and kill 70 to 100 million sharks every year. Mainly to use their fins as delicacies.
Fact: A shark that is caught will earn a fisherman about 120 USD. An alive shark might generate about 2 million USD in tourism revenue because where there is sharks, there is an abundance of other fish that scuba divers and snorkelers enjoy watching.
Here are some cool facts about sharks!!
- Baby sharks don’t get any help from their parents. They fend for themselves right from birth!
- A hungry shark looking for food uses its ears as its #1 hunting tool by listening for fish nearby!
- Great Whites can swim at a speed of 19 miles per hour.
- Sharks can have 30,000 teeth in their lifetime.
- For every human killed by a shark, two million sharks are killed by humans.
By Mya Kagan (Whyzz writer)
Up for family discussion
How do you feel about sharks being portrayed as scary killers when it is actually humans who kill 100 million of them each year?
Why are sharks so important for live in the oceans?
What do you think can be done to protect sharks?